Its name has two possible origins: the first is that Barbadillo means place of mills (up to seven of which were in use here). The second theory speaks of the proclamation of the researcher Basiliso Cuesta, who mentioned that this term comes from Barba Tello, son of Tello Barba, captain of Alfonso III, while the concept "Mercado" would come from Sancho Mercatero, inhabitant of the caves of the region that He stood out for his holy character.
The festive spirit of the municipality is well known, in which the dance of the Reign, that of the Countryside, danced by girls with bows and the sentimental song Las Lambradas prevail.
Barbadillo Town Hall website http://www.barbadillodelmercado.es
Within the same town we can visit the Town Hall, the Hermitage of San Juan Bautista, with important pre-Romanesque remains and notable reminiscences of the Mozarabic, of great interest due to the arrangement of its ashlars and the shape of its main access in a horseshoe arch, originally hispanovisigoth. Its walls have different inscriptions, some of which could date back to the 9th century.
The parish church of San Pedro, with a high baroque tower. It dates from the 16th century.
The roman bridge. The bridge is without service because there is already a road that avoids the passage through it. Previously it was a great means of communication.
Market Barbadillo Roll
This town became part of Burgos in 1255 by donation from Alfonso X. In 1758, the city requested permission to sell the town, and, after various problems, in 1759 Barbadillo bought its autonomy as a council from the Burgos Regiment for 40,000 reales. It is in this year when the scroll will be raised as a symbol of absolute jurisdictional independence.
The roll rises in the center of the square, in front of the church, on four square steps. It consists of a grooved shaft, the result of joining two large drums. Above the collar stands a square body on which rests a pyramid slightly recessed on its four sides and ending in a barely perceptible ball. The existence of an iron indicates that it was also used as a pillory, hanging from it a ring for the condemned.
Holidays and traditions
From the main festivals of the Virgen del Rosario, the Virgen del Amparo, the Pilgrimage of the Visigothic Hermitage of San Juan Bautista or the Pilgrimage in the Hermitage of Soto Villavieja. You can consult all this and more on the website of the Barbadillo del Mercado City Council:
Images of Barbadillo del Mercado